• “The defendant obviously was not guilty of the offence charged if the traffic signals were not lawfully maintained.”   Petition of Sharpe, 322 Mass. 441, 445 (1948).
  • “To permit a sentence to stand for that which is not a crime would shock the judicial conscience and result in a palpable miscarriage of justice.”  Commonwealth v. Andler, 247 Mass. 580 , 582 (1924).